The Japanese Macaque, also OR more commonly known as the Snow Monkey, are native to Japan. Their habitat ranges from semi-tropical regions to the colder mountain and forest areas of northern Japan.
While their numbers were close to 15,000 at the end of World War II, their current numbers in the wild are now estimated at 150,000.
Highly intelligent, they have adopted some interesting habits. They are known to take food washed in river water then dip it in sea water, thus spicing it. They have also commonly been known to steal unwatched wallets and have used the coins found within to purchase food and beverages from snack machines.
While popular with the tourists, they are now considered pests. Monkey bites are not uncommon, and farmers have resorted to such measures as surrounding their crops with electric fences, protecting their fields with guard dogs and planting deterrent crops such as hot peppers. As intelligent animals as they are, they eventually find ways around these measures. More recently, the farmers have tagged group members with electronic devices that make them able to be tracked via computer. Interestingly, another successful measure has been the recording and playing of barking dogs, which the Macaque have a great fear of.
Not all the wild troupes of monkeys are considered dangerous. If certain guidelines are followed, Macaque and humans can live harmoniously.