Sir James Matthew Barrie, commonly known as J. M. Barrie, was a Scottish writer who became famous for his character Peter Pan. J. M. Barrie became a novelist and a playwright when he moved to London. He travelled in high literary circles, had many playwright friends and he even used his own income in order to challenge the censorship of the theatre by the Lord Chamberlain.
But his big success came with Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Wouldn’t Grow Up. His first appearance was in the novel The Little White Bird in 1902. Nowadays he’s one of the most popular characters among children.
James Barrie died in 1937 from pneumonia. He left his estate to his secretary Cynthia Asquith, but before his passing, he granted the rights to ‘Peter Pan’ book to Great Ormond Street Hospital for sick children. The hospital used the rights for essential funding. After the rights to Peter Pan expired 50 years after Barrie had died, the children’s’ hospital was granted a perpetual right by the English government to collect royalties for any commercial publications of the book.